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ISPN考试模拟试题(525)

Question:

A client at 37 weeks’ gestation is scheduled for a biophysical profile. Which of the following should the nurse instruct the client to do before the test? 

1. Drink 1 to 2 L of fluid. 

2. Take nothing by mouth after midnight before the test. 

3. Plan to remain in the clinic for 4 hours after the test. 

4. Eat a high-fiber meal after the test.

 

Answer:1

A biophysical profile includes a nonstress test; evaluation of fetal breathing movements, gross body movements, and fetal tone; and amniotic fluid volume measurement. Because an ultrasound analysis is used during the test, the client should plan to drink 1 to 2 L of fluid before the test to ensure a full bladder, which provides better visualization of the fetus. The client does not need to be on nothing-by-mouth status before the test. The client does not need to remain in the clinic for 4 hours after the test. However, if the client were scheduled for a contraction stress test, she would be observed as an outpatient for 1 to 4 hours after the test to make certain that the contractions had stopped. The client does not need to eat a high-fiber meal after the test. A high-fiber meal typically is indicated after certain radiographic procedures, such as an upper gastrointestinal series. 

CN: Reduction of risk potential; CL: Apply

翻译

问题:

一位怀孕37周的病人被安排进行生物物理检查。在检查前,护士应该指导病人做以下哪一项?

1.12升液体。

2.午夜后检查前不吃任何东西。

3.检查后,计划在门诊停留4小时。

4.检查后吃高纤维餐。

 

答案:1

生物物理剖面包括无压力测试;评估胎儿呼吸运动、全身运动和胎音;羊水量测定。由于超声分析是在检查过程中使用的,病人应计划在检查前喝12升液体,以确保膀胱充盈,从而更好地显示胎儿。在检查之前,病人不需要处于禁食状态。测试后病人不需要在门诊呆4小时。但是,如果病人被安排进行收缩压力测试,则在检查后,观察14小时,以确保收缩停止。病人在检查后不需要吃高纤维食物。高纤维膳食通常是指经过某些放射检查后,如上消化道系列。

CN:降低潜在风险;CL:应用

小编寄语:There are two realms of life: one to know and the other to be content.Know, let a person live to understand;Contentment makes life dull.人生两境界:一个知道,一个知足。知道,让人活得明白;知足,让人活得平淡。

时间:2021/7/14 15:24:35
 
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