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ISPN考试模拟试题(484)

Question:

A client with acute stress disorder is telling the nurse about the tornado that leveled his house and killed his wife and baby while he was out of town on business. He states, “If only I’d been at home, I could have saved them.” Which of the following responses would be most appropriate? 

1. “Don’t blame yourself; you’ll only feel worse.” 

2. “It’s not your fault; so stop feeling so guilty.” 

3. “You might not have been at home.” 

4. “You couldn’t have prevented the tornado; it just happened.”

 

By saying, “You couldn’t have prevented the tornado; it just happened,” the nurse helps the client to develop an objective perspective and promotes a better understanding of the event. The other statements tell the client how to feel, possibly causing resistance and thus delay therapeutic healing. Guilt and self-blame will not be decreased. 

CN: Psychosocial integrity; CL: Synthesize

Answer:4

 

翻译

 

问题:

一位患有急性应激障碍的病人告诉护士说,他在外地出差时,龙卷风夷平了他的房子,杀死了他的妻子和孩子。他说,如果我当时在家,我就可以救他们了。下面哪种回答最合适?

1.“别自责,你只会感觉更糟。

2.“这不是你的错,所以别再那么内疚了。

3.“你那个时候不在家。

4.“你不可能阻止龙卷风,它就这样发生了。

 

答案:4

通过说你不可能阻止龙卷风,它就这样发生了,护士帮助病人建立一个客观的视角,促进对事件的更好理解。其他的陈述告诉病人如何感觉,可能引起抵抗,从而延迟治疗愈合。内疚和自责不会减少。

CN:心理社会完整性;CL:综合性

小编寄语:The good thing about being a hard worker is that everyone who sees you will want to help you.But if you don't make a little effort yourself, people want to help you, they don't know where your hand is.做一个努力的人好处在于,人人见了你都会想帮你。但如果你自己不先做出一点努力的样子,人家想拉你一把,都不知你的手在哪里。

时间:2021/3/26 11:24:38
 
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