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ISPN考试模拟试题(367)

Question:

A client with asthma asks the nurse if she should use her salmeterol (Serevent) inhaler when she exercises and experiences wheezing and shortness of breath. The nurse’s best response is which of the following? 

1. “Yes, use the inhaler immediately for these symptoms.” 

2. “No, this drug is a maintenance drug, not a rescue inhaler.” 

3. “Use the inhaler 5 minutes before you exercise to prevent the wheezing.” 

4. “This inhaler is for allergic rhinitis, not asthma.”


 

Salmeterol (Serevent) is a beta2-agonist, a maintenance drug that the asthmatic client uses twice daily, every 12 hours. Albuterol (Proventil) is used as the “rescue inhaler” for bronchospasms. Serevent can be used to prevent exercise-induced bronchospasms, but it should be taken 30 to 60 minutes before exercise. If the client is taking Serevent twice daily, it should not be used in additional doses before exercise; twice daily is the maximum dosage. Indications for Serevent include only asthma and bronchospasm induced by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 

CN: Pharmacological and parenteral therapies; CL: Synthesize

Answer:2

 

翻译

 

问题:

一位患有哮喘的病人问护士,当她锻炼出现气喘和气短时,是否应该使用沙美特罗(Serevent)吸入器。护士的最佳反应是以下哪项?

1.“是的,如果出现这些症状,请立即使用吸入器。

2.“不,这种药是维持用药,不是抢救吸入器。

3.“在运动前5分钟使用吸入器,以防止喘息。

4.“这个吸入器是治疗过敏性鼻炎,不是哮喘。

 

答案:2

沙美特罗(Serevent)是一种beta2激动剂,哮喘患者每天使用两次,每12小时一次。沙丁胺醇(Proventil)被用作支气管痉挛的抢救性吸入器Serevent可用于预防运动性支气管痉挛,但应在运动前30-60分钟服用。如果患者每天服用两次Serevent,运动前不应额外使用;每天两次为最大剂量。Serevent的适应症仅包括慢性阻塞性肺疾病引起的哮喘和支气管痉挛。

CN:药理学和肠外治疗;CL:合成

小编寄语When the world weighs heavily on the grass seed, it will always break through the ground in its own way.当世界给草籽重压时,它总会用自己的方法破土而出。

时间:2020/10/12 14:35:46
 
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