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ISPN考试模拟试题(347)

Question:

The parents of a 7-year-old child with glomerulonephritis ask what they can do to ensure that their other children do not develop the disease. The nurse should respond with which of the following? 

1. “If you suspect your child has a urinary tract infection, see your primary health care provider right away.”

2. “I am afraid there is nothing you can do; glomerulonephritis is a genetic disorder.” 

3. “Glomerulonephritis is not contagious, so your other children will not get the disease.” 

4. “If your child has a streptococcal infection, complete the course of prescribed antibiotics.”

 

 

The most common noninfectious renal disease in children is acute poststreptococcal glo-merulonephritis. Ensuring that children diagnosed with streptococcal infections complete a full course of antibiotics will decrease their risk of developing acute glomerulonephritis. 

Parents should contact the primary health care provider if they suspect a UTI; however, glomerulonephritis is not caused by a UTI. Glomerulonephritis is not a genetic disease , which makes answers 2 incorrect information. Although glo-merulonephritis is not contagious, other children may be  acute poststreptococcal glo-merulonephritis, which makes answers 3 incorrect information. 

CN: Reduction of risk potential; CL: Apply

Answer:4

 

翻译

 

问题:

一位患有肾小球肾炎的7岁儿童的父母询问他们能做些什么来确保他们的其他孩子不会患上这种疾病。护士应回答以下哪一项?

1.“如果您怀疑您的孩子有尿路感染,请立即向您的初级保健提供者咨询。

2.“恐怕你无能为力,肾小球肾炎是一种遗传病。

3.“肾小球肾炎没有传染性,所以你的其他孩子不会得这种病。

4.“如果您的孩子患有链球菌感染,请完成处方抗生素的疗程。

 

答案:4

儿童最常见的非感染性肾脏疾病是急性链球菌感染后导致的球状粒细胞性肾炎。确保确诊为链球菌感染的儿童接受一个完整疗程的抗生素治疗,将降低他们患急性肾小球肾炎的风险。

如果父母怀疑发生尿路感染,应与初级保健提供者联系;然而,肾小球肾炎不是由尿路感染引起的。肾小球肾炎不是一种遗传疾病,所以答案2不正确。虽然肾小球肾炎不会传染,但是其他孩子有可能感染急性链球菌后导致球状粒细胞性肾炎,所以答案3不正确。

CN:降低风险可能性;CL:应用

小编寄语There is no need to regret. If it's beautiful, it's called wonderful, If it's bad, it's called experience.不必遗憾。若是美好,叫做精彩,若是糟糕,叫做经历。

时间:2020/9/14 11:25:19
 
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