The nurse is participating in a blood pressure screening event. After three separate readings taken at least 2 minutes apart, the nurse determines that a client has a blood pressure of 160/90 mm Hg. The nurse should advise the client to:
1. Have blood pressure evaluated within 1 month.
2. Begin an exercise program.
3. Examine lifestyle to decrease stress.
4. Schedule a complete physical immediately.
The client with a systolic blood pressure of 160 to 179 mm Hg should be evaluated by a health care professional within 1 month of the screening. The client with a diastolic blood pressure of 90 to 99 mm Hg should be rechecked within 2 months. Exercise and stress reduction may be desirable activities, but it is first necessary to evaluate the cause of elevated blood pressure. In the absence of other symptoms, it is not necessary to have the client evaluated immediately.
CN: Health promotion and maintenance; CL: Synthesize